Timelines

Australians at War 1901-2000

1915

25 April 1915

Australian troops landed on the beaches of Gallipoli, Turkey.

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15 May 1915

Death on Gallipoli of Major General W T Bridges, Commander of the First Division, AIF. Bridge's body was returned to Australia, and buried in the grounds of the Royal Military College, Duntroon.

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19 May 1915

Australians repelled major Turkish attack on their positions at Gallipoli.

Acronym ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) used to describe Australian positions at Gallipoli.

Death on Gallipoli of Private John Simpson Kirkpatrick of 'Simpson and his Donkey' fame.

19–20 May 1915
Lance Corporal Albert Jacka, 14th Battalion, AIF, became the first Australian to win the Victoria Cross in World War One for his action at Gallipoli, Turkey.

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24 May 1915

Formal truce on Gallipoli during which the Turkish soldiers who died in the attacks of May were buried.

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6 August 1915

Enlarge Australian in captured Turkish trenches at Lone Pine,Gallipoli, 6 August 1915.
Australian in captured Turkish trenches at Lone Pine,Gallipoli, 6 August 1915.
[AWM negative A02022]

6–9 August 1915
Battle of Lone Pine, Gallipoli – Australians were awarded seven Victoria Crosses.

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7 August 1915

Charge of Australian Light Horse Brigade at the Nek, Gallipoli.

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21 October 1915

Vera Deakin, daughter of ex-Prime Minister Alfred Deakin, established the Australian Red Cross Missing and Wounded Enquiry Bureau in Cairo, Egypt. During the remainder of the war the Bureau handled thousands of enquiries from Australian families seeking information about wounded and missing soldiers.

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20 December 1915

Enlarge Front cover of <em>The Anzac Book</em>, 1915, edited by C E W Bean, and composed of items written by Australians who served on Gallipoli in 1915.
Front cover of The Anzac Book, 1915, edited by C E W Bean, and composed of items written by Australians who served on Gallipoli in 1915. [Department of Veterans’ Affairs Library]

Last Australian troops evacuated from Gallipoli Peninsula.

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