Constructing the Anzac Commemorative Site 1999–2000
Each year, the number of overseas visitors attending the Anzac dawn service on 25 April has grown. There was an urgent need to move the service from the site at the Ari Burnu War Cemetery to protect it from damage. In 1999–2000, the Anzac commemorative location was built in conjunction with the New Zealand government and with the approval of the Turkish government at Gallipoli.
The new site, with its informal low stone walls, paths to the beach and information panels has become a focal point for visitors to this heritage area of special significance to Australians and New Zealanders.
This section will be of particular interest to students of design, technology and construction. It includes the original proposal concept design, the actual site plans with elevation drawings, drainage plans and structural details, showing the balance of conservation of natural, archaeological and battlefield areas with accessibility to the public, and a gallery of images showing the process of construction of the Anzac Commemorative Site from the initial earth works, through each stage of development to the final completion.
Special feature: concept - design - process
What is the Anzac Commemorative Site?
Why was it built?
Built 300 metres north of Ari Burnu, the site of past Anzac Day dawn services at Gallipoli, this site is dominated by a rocky hill named the Sphinx. It was the site occupied by the elements of the 11th and 12th battalions on the day of the landing and was one of the main places where the evacuation took place, nine months later.
From the 1999–2000 concept outline: ‘A low wall is proposed adjacent to the existing road that will provide a location for the facilitation of the interpretation of the campaign. This wall will also assist in the stabilisation of the road. The paths will assist with the movement of the official party through the crowded site before daylight.’
Planning the Anzac Commemorative Site
Explore the interactive site plans used to construct the Anzac Commemorative Site in 1999–2000. The plans, in Flash, include elevation drawings, site and drainage plans and structural details. The design of the Anzac Commemorative Site brings together environmental sensitivity, heritage, historical and cultural principles.
The interactive site plans show the use of natural building materials, minimal visual intrusion, consolidation of the beachfront that has been suffering erosion, recognition of the large numbers that visit Gallipoli each year, and an interpretation of the events that took place.
Constructing the Anzac Commemorative Site
Examine the process of construction of the Anzac Commemorative Site from the initial earthsworks, through each stage of development to the final completion.
Those with an interest in environmental issues will be able to examine the state-of-the-art techniques that were used in 1999-2000 to improve drainage, arrest erosion and rehabilitate and stabilise the foreshore at the site.