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Gallipoli history

  • Timelines

    Australian Soldiers at Lone Pine thumbnail

    The timeline Australians at Gallipoli and at War enables you to quickly locate information and perspectives on significant dates in the history of Australian warfare, including 100 important events at Gallipoli, the role of the Australians in the Gallipoli campaign as well as Australia's involvement in war from 1901 to 2000. more ...

  • The Gallipoli landing

    Landing soldiers thumbnail

    Historians still debate whether the Anzac troops were landed at the correct place. Why did the Allied commanders send Australian troops to land on a beach before rugged hills, ridges and steep gullies? What was the objective? What happened? Trace the events that led to the landing as well as first hand accounts. more ...

  • Bravery at Gallipoli

    Gaining the VC thumbnail

    The Victoria Cross, the highest award for bravery in battle in the old British Empire and Dominions,was awarded to eleven soldiers in the Anzac area of Gallipoli between April and December 1915. Discover how these eleven men earned the Victoria Cross for their extraordinary acts of courage. more ...

  • Nurses at Gallipoli

    Gallipoli Nurse

    Read about the role of the nurses at Gallipoli in 1915, the conditions in which they worked on hospital ships and on the islands of Lemnos and Imbros, what they endured and their feelings about service. Look through the amazing photograph album of Private A W Savage which documents the life of the 3rd Australian General Hospital on Lemnos in 1915, a visual chronicle of life and death. more ...

  • Signaller Silas at Anzac

    Portrait of Ellis Silas thumbnail

    Among the original Australian infantry units at the Battle of the Landing from the evening of 25 April to 3 May was the 16th Battalion. Something of the battalion’s story from its raising in Western Australia in 1914 to the end of the battle was subsequently told by one of their own, the artist Signaller Ellis Silas, in his book Crusading at Anzac, A.D. 1915. more ...

  • Lemnos diary

    Lemnos thumbnail

    On Gallipoli, Lance Corporal Archie Albert Barwick kept a diary, some of which may have been written in retrospect. This lasted from the landing of 25 April to the evacuation of his unit—the 1st Battalion, AIF—on the nights of 16-17 December 1915. Sections of his diary deal with his time on the island of Lemnos. more ...

Building feature

Artist impression of Anzac Commemorative Site

Constructing the Anzac Commemorative Site 1999–2000

Each year, the number of overseas visitors attending the Anzac dawn service on 25 April has grown. There was an urgent need to move the service from the site at the Ari Burnu War Cemetery to protect it from damage. In 1999–2000, the Anzac commemorative location was built in conjunction with the New Zealand government and with the approval of the Turkish government at Gallipoli.

Anzac Commemorative Site Plaque

The new site, with its informal low stone walls, paths to the beach and information panels has become a focal point for visitors to this heritage area of special significance to Australians and New Zealanders.

This section will be of particular interest to students of design, technology and construction. It includes the original proposal concept design, the actual site plans with elevation drawings, drainage plans and structural details, showing the balance of conservation of natural, archaeological and battlefield areas with accessibility to the public, and a gallery of images showing the process of construction of the Anzac Commemorative Site from the initial earth works, through each stage of development to the final completion.

Special feature: concept - design - process

Anzac Commemorative Site - Interpretative Wall

The concept

What is the Anzac Commemorative Site?
Why was it built?

Anzac Commemorative Site - Interpretative Wall

Built 300 metres north of Ari Burnu, the site of past Anzac Day dawn services at Gallipoli, this site is dominated by a rocky hill named the Sphinx. It was the site occupied by the elements of the 11th and 12th battalions on the day of the landing and was one of the main places where the evacuation took place, nine months later.

From the 1999–2000 concept outline: ‘A low wall is proposed adjacent to the existing road that will provide a location for the facilitation of the interpretation of the campaign. This wall will also assist in the stabilisation of the road. The paths will assist with the movement of the official party through the crowded site before daylight.’ more ...


Anzac Commemorative Site Plan

The design

Planning the Anzac Commemorative Site

Anzac Commemorative Site Plan

Explore the interactive site plans used to construct the Anzac Commemorative Site in 1999–2000. The plans, in Flash, include elevation drawings, site and drainage plans and structural details. The design of the Anzac Commemorative Site brings together environmental sensitivity, heritage, historical and cultural principles.

The interactive site plans show the use of natural building materials, minimal visual intrusion, consolidation of the beachfront that has been suffering erosion, recognition of the large numbers that visit Gallipoli each year, and an interpretation of the events that took place. more ...


Commemorative Site under construction

The process

Constructing the Anzac Commemorative Site

Commemorative Site under construction

Examine the process of construction of the Anzac Commemorative Site from the initial earthsworks, through each stage of development to the final completion.

Those with an interest in environmental issues will be able to examine the state-of-the-art techniques that were used in 1999-2000 to improve drainage, arrest erosion and rehabilitate and stabilise the foreshore at the site. more ...

Gallipoli today

  • Anzac Day at Gallipoli

    North Beach on Anzac Day thumb

    Find out about the key events held at Gallipoli including the Anzac Day Services which are held each year and which since 2000 have been conducted at the Anzac Commemorative Site. more ...

  • War grave sites at Gallipoli

    Ari Burnu Cemetery thumb

    On the Gallipoli Peninsula today are 31 war cemeteries, and a number of memorials to the missing. The cemeteries contain 22,000 graves. However, only 9,000 of these are of identified burials with grave markers. more ...

  • Anzac Commemorative Site

    Anzac Commemorative Site Plaque thumb

    The Anzac Commemorative Site is 300 metres north of Ari Burnu at North Beach. Explore the site and its Interpretive Panels, as well as how it was constructed, including interactive site plans. more ...

  • Gallipoli tour

    Turkish roadside seller Alçitepe village thumb

    Take guided audio tours of the whole Gallipoli region, including a tour of the Anzac Battlefields, a tour of Cape Helles, and an Asian shores tour including Çanakkale, Fort Dardanos and Kumkale. more ...

  • Turkish memorials

    Turkish Monuments thumb

    Take a tour of the the Turkish monuments and memorials at Gallipoli including those at Kilitbahir and Çanakkale, the Kanlisirt and Atatürk Memorials , Seddülbahir Fort and Atatürk's house at Bigali. more ...

Anzac Art, Images and Designs

  • The drawings of Major Hore

    Hore's Drawing thumbnail

    Hundred of soldiers in Gallipoli recorded their experiences in diaries and letters. Major Hore recorded his sense of Gallipoli in drawings using at different times ink, pencil, wash and watercolour. Hore's drawings reveal a personal view of Gallipoli through the eyes of a man sensitive to the beauty and drama of his surroundings and the tragedy of war. more ...

  • ‘Anzac’ - a national heirloom

    Anzac image thumbnail

    In the collections of the National Archives of Australia there are many files dealing with applications to use the word ‘Anzac’ or to copyright material associated with Gallipoli and the remembrance of the campaign. Look at some of the applications that Australians made, from requests to name their children and homes 'Anzac' to using the word in songs, photographs, cards, designs and product names. more ...

  • Interactive plans - Commemorative Site

    Interactive Plans thumbnail

    Explore the interactive site plans for the Anzac Commemorative Site created in Flash. The plans include elevation drawings, site and drainage plans and structural details. The new site, with its informal low stone walls, paths to the beach and information panels, will become a focal point for visitors to this heritage area of special significance to Australians and New Zealanders. more ...

  • ‘Anzac - the landing 1915’

    Painting ‘Anzac - the landing 1915’ thumbnail

    View a selection of images of Gallipoli including scenes as they were when photographed in 1915 and as they appear today. There are detailed looks at two famous paintings depicting major events at Gallipoli – "Anzac, The Landing 1915" and "The charge of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade at the Nek, 7 August 1915". more ...