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Gallipoli history

  • Timelines

    Australian Soldiers at Lone Pine thumbnail

    The timeline Australians at Gallipoli and at War enables you to quickly locate information and perspectives on significant dates in the history of Australian warfare, including 100 important events at Gallipoli, the role of the Australians in the Gallipoli campaign as well as Australia's involvement in war from 1901 to 2000. more ...

  • The Gallipoli landing

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    Historians still debate whether the Anzac troops were landed at the correct place. Why did the Allied commanders send Australian troops to land on a beach before rugged hills, ridges and steep gullies? What was the objective? What happened? Trace the events that led to the landing as well as first hand accounts. more ...

  • Bravery at Gallipoli

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    The Victoria Cross, the highest award for bravery in battle in the old British Empire and Dominions,was awarded to eleven soldiers in the Anzac area of Gallipoli between April and December 1915. Discover how these eleven men earned the Victoria Cross for their extraordinary acts of courage. more ...

  • Nurses at Gallipoli

    Gallipoli Nurse

    Read about the role of the nurses at Gallipoli in 1915, the conditions in which they worked on hospital ships and on the islands of Lemnos and Imbros, what they endured and their feelings about service. Look through the amazing photograph album of Private A W Savage which documents the life of the 3rd Australian General Hospital on Lemnos in 1915, a visual chronicle of life and death. more ...

  • Signaller Silas at Anzac

    Portrait of Ellis Silas thumbnail

    Among the original Australian infantry units at the Battle of the Landing from the evening of 25 April to 3 May was the 16th Battalion. Something of the battalion’s story from its raising in Western Australia in 1914 to the end of the battle was subsequently told by one of their own, the artist Signaller Ellis Silas, in his book Crusading at Anzac, A.D. 1915. more ...

  • Lemnos diary

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    On Gallipoli, Lance Corporal Archie Albert Barwick kept a diary, some of which may have been written in retrospect. This lasted from the landing of 25 April to the evacuation of his unit—the 1st Battalion, AIF—on the nights of 16-17 December 1915. Sections of his diary deal with his time on the island of Lemnos. more ...

Sitemap

Section 1 – Landing:

Section 2 – Visiting:

Section 3 – Building:

Section 4 – Panels:

  • The Interpretative Panels at the Anzac Commemorative Site at North Beach on the Gallipoli Peninsula

    As a focal point to enrich the experience of visitors, the Anzac Commemorative Site includes 10 large panels that tell the story of Gallipoli in 1915. In this section, you can view the photographs, read the text (in English and Turkish), view the original artworks or photographs from which the panels were created and investigate the history of their selection in more detail.

  • Interpretative panel 1

    Map of the Gallipoli Peninsula

  • Interpretative panel 2

    Anzac, the landing 1915 (detail) by George Lambert.

  • Interpretative panel 3

    Charge of the 2nd Infantry Brigade at Krithia (detail) by Charles Wheeler.

  • Interpretative panel 4

    A Turkish officer is led blindfolded through the Anzac lines to discuss a truce to bury the Turkish dead after the attack of 19 May 1915.

  • Interpretative panel 5

    Stretcher bearers carrying wounded at Anzac. The soldier on the left is carrying filled water bottles up to the front line.

  • Interpretative panel 6

    The charge of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade at the Nek, 7 August 1915 (detail) by George Lambert.

  • Interpretative panel 7

    New Zealand soldiers rest in a trench during their assault towards Chunuk Bair on the night of 6 August 1915.

  • Interpretative panel 8

    Williams Pier, North Beach, Gallipoli, December 1915, with the Sphinx in the background. At this time the preparations for the evacuation of the Australian and New Zealand troops from Anzac were well under way.

  • Interpretative panel 9

    Turkish artillery on Gallipoli. Inset: Colonel Mustafa Kemal, one of the principal Turkish commanders at Gallipoli, later known as Ataturk – Father of the Turks. He was to become the first President of the Republic of Turkey.

  • Interpretative panel 10

    An Australian officer visits a comrade's grave on Gallipoli.

Section 5 – Researching:

  • Researching Gallipoli and Australians at war

    This section explores the impact of the events at Gallipoli on the Australian people.

  • Three Timelines of Australians at Gallipoli and at War

    These timelines enable you to quickly locate information and perspectives on significant dates in the history of Australian warfare, including 100 important events to do with Gallipoli, the role of the Australians in the Gallipoli campaign as well as Australia's involvement in war from 1901 to 2000 including World Wars I and II, Korea, Vietnam and through to the involvement in East Timor.

  • Images of 1915:

    The Gallipoli experience produced a range of visual images from photographs to paintings and drawings.

  • Nurses' Stories – photographs of Lemnos:

    For Australians, the image usually associated with 25 April, 1915 is that of Australian soldiers charging bravely up the steep and barren slopes of Gallipoli. Less appreciated is the picture of an Australian nurse on that same day attending to hundreds of battered and bleeding men on the decks and in the confined wards of a hospital ship. This section contains images and letters.

  • Bravery awards at Gallipoli

    Victoria Crosses were awarded to nine soldiers at Gallipoli for acts of extreme heroism: Albert Jacka, William Symons, Leonard Keysor, John Hamilton, Albert Shout, William Dunstan, Alexander Burton, Frederick Tubb and Hugo Throssell. Read about the situations they faced in a campaign where ordinary men routinely performed extraordinary acts of courage and sacrifice.

  • Submarines at Gallipoli

    Includes a detailed animation of the AE2's voyage through the Dardanelles in an attempt to disrupt Turkish sea communication.

  • Gallipoli and the Australian home front:

    The distant conflict of the Great War, as World War I was known at the time, had an enormous effect on Australia, a small nation of fewer than 5 million people at the time. The war had a major impact on everyone in some way. It helped bring about economic change. Political events became bitter and controversial. Reputations were made and lost.

    Through it all, Australians responded to the call to enlist and went to fight. Their story is an important part of understanding the history of Australia and its people in the 20th century.

    • Anzac: a national heirloom

      The Gallipoli campaign made the word 'Anzac' instantly recognisable throughout Australia and New Zealand. From 1915, individuals, organisations and businesses began to use the word for a variety of purposes. In the collections of the National Archives of Australia there are many files dealing with applications to use the word Anzac or to copyright material associated with Gallipoli and the remembrance of the campaign.

    • Gallipoli and a country town: Yass

      Explores the individual stories of two men Roy Denning and Wilfred Emmott Addison who came from the town of Yass in country New South Wales to fight (and in Addison's case, to die) at Gallipoli in 1915. Roy Denning's letters to his mother from Gallipoli and Addison's anticipation of his own death are moving testaments to the tragedy and futility of war.

Gallipoli today

  • Anzac Day at Gallipoli

    North Beach on Anzac Day thumb

    Find out about the key events held at Gallipoli including the Anzac Day Services which are held each year and which since 2000 have been conducted at the Anzac Commemorative Site. more ...

  • War grave sites at Gallipoli

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    On the Gallipoli Peninsula today are 31 war cemeteries, and a number of memorials to the missing. The cemeteries contain 22,000 graves. However, only 9,000 of these are of identified burials with grave markers. more ...

  • Anzac Commemorative Site

    Anzac Commemorative Site Plaque thumb

    The Anzac Commemorative Site is 300 metres north of Ari Burnu at North Beach. Explore the site and its Interpretive Panels, as well as how it was constructed, including interactive site plans. more ...

  • Gallipoli tour

    Turkish roadside seller Alçitepe village thumb

    Take guided audio tours of the whole Gallipoli region, including a tour of the Anzac Battlefields, a tour of Cape Helles, and an Asian shores tour including Çanakkale, Fort Dardanos and Kumkale. more ...

  • Turkish memorials

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    Take a tour of the the Turkish monuments and memorials at Gallipoli including those at Kilitbahir and Çanakkale, the Kanlisirt and Atatürk Memorials , Seddülbahir Fort and Atatürk's house at Bigali. more ...

Anzac Art, Images and Designs

  • The drawings of Major Hore

    Hore's Drawing thumbnail

    Hundred of soldiers in Gallipoli recorded their experiences in diaries and letters. Major Hore recorded his sense of Gallipoli in drawings using at different times ink, pencil, wash and watercolour. Hore's drawings reveal a personal view of Gallipoli through the eyes of a man sensitive to the beauty and drama of his surroundings and the tragedy of war. more ...

  • ‘Anzac’ - a national heirloom

    Anzac image thumbnail

    In the collections of the National Archives of Australia there are many files dealing with applications to use the word ‘Anzac’ or to copyright material associated with Gallipoli and the remembrance of the campaign. Look at some of the applications that Australians made, from requests to name their children and homes 'Anzac' to using the word in songs, photographs, cards, designs and product names. more ...

  • Interactive plans - Commemorative Site

    Interactive Plans thumbnail

    Explore the interactive site plans for the Anzac Commemorative Site created in Flash. The plans include elevation drawings, site and drainage plans and structural details. The new site, with its informal low stone walls, paths to the beach and information panels, will become a focal point for visitors to this heritage area of special significance to Australians and New Zealanders. more ...

  • ‘Anzac - the landing 1915’

    Painting ‘Anzac - the landing 1915’ thumbnail

    View a selection of images of Gallipoli including scenes as they were when photographed in 1915 and as they appear today. There are detailed looks at two famous paintings depicting major events at Gallipoli – "Anzac, The Landing 1915" and "The charge of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade at the Nek, 7 August 1915". more ...