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Gallipoli history

  • Timelines

    Australian Soldiers at Lone Pine thumbnail

    The timeline Australians at Gallipoli and at War enables you to quickly locate information and perspectives on significant dates in the history of Australian warfare, including 100 important events at Gallipoli, the role of the Australians in the Gallipoli campaign as well as Australia's involvement in war from 1901 to 2000. more ...

  • The Gallipoli landing

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    Historians still debate whether the Anzac troops were landed at the correct place. Why did the Allied commanders send Australian troops to land on a beach before rugged hills, ridges and steep gullies? What was the objective? What happened? Trace the events that led to the landing as well as first hand accounts. more ...

  • Bravery at Gallipoli

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    The Victoria Cross, the highest award for bravery in battle in the old British Empire and Dominions,was awarded to eleven soldiers in the Anzac area of Gallipoli between April and December 1915. Discover how these eleven men earned the Victoria Cross for their extraordinary acts of courage. more ...

  • Nurses at Gallipoli

    Gallipoli Nurse

    Read about the role of the nurses at Gallipoli in 1915, the conditions in which they worked on hospital ships and on the islands of Lemnos and Imbros, what they endured and their feelings about service. Look through the amazing photograph album of Private A W Savage which documents the life of the 3rd Australian General Hospital on Lemnos in 1915, a visual chronicle of life and death. more ...

  • Signaller Silas at Anzac

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    Among the original Australian infantry units at the Battle of the Landing from the evening of 25 April to 3 May was the 16th Battalion. Something of the battalion’s story from its raising in Western Australia in 1914 to the end of the battle was subsequently told by one of their own, the artist Signaller Ellis Silas, in his book Crusading at Anzac, A.D. 1915. more ...

  • Lemnos diary

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    On Gallipoli, Lance Corporal Archie Albert Barwick kept a diary, some of which may have been written in retrospect. This lasted from the landing of 25 April to the evacuation of his unit—the 1st Battalion, AIF—on the nights of 16-17 December 1915. Sections of his diary deal with his time on the island of Lemnos. more ...

The Anzac landing: overview

Gallipoli War Map

Why did the
Anzacs land?

25 April 1915: Anzac Cove, Gallipoli

Historians still debate whether the Anzac troops were landed at the correct place. Why did the Allied commanders send Australian troops to land on a beach before rugged hills, ridges and steep gullies? What was the objective? What happened?

‘The attack on Gallipoli was one of the more imaginative strategies of the First World War ... Gaining control of the Dardanelles would re-establish communications with Russia and release wheat and shipping locked in the Black Sea by Turkey.’ Trace events in the War which led up to the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. more ...

Book Cover: 25 April 1915 - The Inevitable Tragedy

A brief description of the Anzac Landing...

It was only shortly after the landing that high command let it be known that an error had been made – the landing should have been made on Brighton Beach, south of Anzac Cove and in a locality of relatively friendly topography.

The boat I was in landed on the point. There were three boats to the left of us containing 9th Battalion men, most of whom were killed or wounded in the boat on the extreme left. If Commander Dix states that he was on the extreme right, he is wrong, because the l0th Battalion and one of the 11th were on the right of my boat. I met Drake-Brockman after attacking and reaching the top of the point and he came up from the right side of the hill. The whole of the boats landed between the point and where afterwards the pier was built. My company was on the extreme left of the attack but the 9th Battalion boats landed to the left of us.

Read a brief description of the landing – an excerpt from Denis Winter's book, 25 April 1915 – The Inevitable Tragedy. more ...

Special feature: war correspondents at the landing

Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett

Reports by war correspondents

War correspondents Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett and Charles Bean both provided first-hand accounts of the landing. Ashmead-Bartlett's first report in Australia of the Anzac landing at Gallipoli was reprinted in the Hobart Mercury on 12 May 1915. The Australian Prime Mininister, Andrew Fisher made public Bean's first report of the Anzac landing on 17 May 1915.

Ashmead-Bartlett became increasingly frustrated with the military censorship of his reports on the Gallipoli campaign. Read his views on censorship in an extract from his diary and the behind the scenes story of his attempts to reveal what he saw as the truth about the campaign. Other excerpts from Ashmead-Bartlett's War Diary also reveal the truth behind the highly censored reports that the public read. more ...

Landing section highlights

‘First to Fall’

Portrait of Private Leslie John Langdon

The dawn 'Landing' was carried out by the four infantry battalions of the 3rd Brigade, First Australian Division. These men came from what Charles Bean, Australia's official historian, called the 'outer states' – Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania and Queensland. The 11th Battalion, from Western Australia, came ashore not at Anzac Cove, but on the beach beneath the slopes leading down from Ari Burnu Point and Plugge's Plateau. more ...

A 'duty clear before us'

Book Cover: A duty clear before us

Ere another entry is made in this book we will have passed through a very trying time. We are leaving almost everything behind; whether we see it again or not will be a matter of luck. And now we go forward in the full consciousness of a 'duty clear before us', and ... we can only say 'Thy will be done'. God grant comfort to those in anxiety and sorrow and give our leaders wisdom."

Read the book A 'duty clear before us' - North Beach and the Sari Bair Range, Gallipoli Peninsula 25 April – 20 December 1915.

Signaller Silas at Anzac

Portrait of Ellis Silas thumbnail

In this work I have not touched upon the big historical facts, but have endeavoured to portray War as the soldier sees it, shorn of all its pomp and circumstance; the War that means cold and hunger, heat and thirst, the ravages of fever; the War that brings a hail of lead that tears the flesh and rends the limb, and makes of men, heroes.

In his book of drawings Crusading at Anzac, A.D. 1915, Signaller Ellis Silas of the 16th Battalion rendered dramatic scenes of the Battle of the Landing. more ...

Gallipoli today

  • Anzac Day at Gallipoli

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    Find out about the key events held at Gallipoli including the Anzac Day Services which are held each year and which since 2000 have been conducted at the Anzac Commemorative Site. more ...

  • War grave sites at Gallipoli

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    On the Gallipoli Peninsula today are 31 war cemeteries, and a number of memorials to the missing. The cemeteries contain 22,000 graves. However, only 9,000 of these are of identified burials with grave markers. more ...

  • Anzac Commemorative Site

    Anzac Commemorative Site Plaque thumb

    The Anzac Commemorative Site is 300 metres north of Ari Burnu at North Beach. Explore the site and its Interpretive Panels, as well as how it was constructed, including interactive site plans. more ...

  • Gallipoli tour

    Turkish roadside seller Alçitepe village thumb

    Take guided audio tours of the whole Gallipoli region, including a tour of the Anzac Battlefields, a tour of Cape Helles, and an Asian shores tour including Çanakkale, Fort Dardanos and Kumkale. more ...

  • Turkish memorials

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    Take a tour of the the Turkish monuments and memorials at Gallipoli including those at Kilitbahir and Çanakkale, the Kanlisirt and Atatürk Memorials , Seddülbahir Fort and Atatürk's house at Bigali. more ...

Anzac Art, Images and Designs

  • The drawings of Major Hore

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    Hundred of soldiers in Gallipoli recorded their experiences in diaries and letters. Major Hore recorded his sense of Gallipoli in drawings using at different times ink, pencil, wash and watercolour. Hore's drawings reveal a personal view of Gallipoli through the eyes of a man sensitive to the beauty and drama of his surroundings and the tragedy of war. more ...

  • ‘Anzac’ - a national heirloom

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    In the collections of the National Archives of Australia there are many files dealing with applications to use the word ‘Anzac’ or to copyright material associated with Gallipoli and the remembrance of the campaign. Look at some of the applications that Australians made, from requests to name their children and homes 'Anzac' to using the word in songs, photographs, cards, designs and product names. more ...

  • Interactive plans - Commemorative Site

    Interactive Plans thumbnail

    Explore the interactive site plans for the Anzac Commemorative Site created in Flash. The plans include elevation drawings, site and drainage plans and structural details. The new site, with its informal low stone walls, paths to the beach and information panels, will become a focal point for visitors to this heritage area of special significance to Australians and New Zealanders. more ...

  • ‘Anzac - the landing 1915’

    Painting ‘Anzac - the landing 1915’ thumbnail

    View a selection of images of Gallipoli including scenes as they were when photographed in 1915 and as they appear today. There are detailed looks at two famous paintings depicting major events at Gallipoli – "Anzac, The Landing 1915" and "The charge of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade at the Nek, 7 August 1915". more ...